1.1 This guide describes methods of cleaning and remediating shorelines containing stranded oil. The primary goal of any shoreline countermeasure is to aid recovery while minimizing additional impact.
1.2 This guide describes 21 different countermeasures that are available for consideration. These countermeasures range from natural recovery to active intervention.
1.3 The countermeasures listed may not be the best for use under all possible circumstances, and multiple countermeasures may need to be used on the same shoreline.
1.4 This guide describes technical considerations for selecting one technique or another, or both. Additional guides, presently under development, will address considerations related to habitat and oil characteristics.
1.5 Selection of specific countermeasures for use during a spill response will be guided by the properties of the stranded oil, the degree of contamination, shoreline accessibility, shoreline geomorphology, mobility of available equipment, oceanographic and meteorological conditions, and the presence of sensitive natural and archeological resources. Some of the response options will require government authorization and approval.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
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